Cystoscopy to Diagnose Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer, common among men
above the age of fifty, needs early diagnosis to increase chance of survival. Amongst various ways to diagnose prostate cancer, Cystoscopy is one of the
prominent diagnostic methods.
commonly known as the Cystoscopy, is a test that helps to gauge the health of the bladder and the urethra. A
tube is inserted through the opening of the penis into the urethra of the patient. This procedure helps the
doctor to completely examine the urethra of the patient. Any kind of abnormal growth, strictures or other
problems in the bladder get diagnosed by this test.
Cystoscopy is precisely
identify reason behind the pain in
the urinary tract
diagnose any cancerous growth in the
urethra or the bladder
identify onset of any disease in the
Cystoscopy is done with
the help of a tubular instrument called as cystoscope. This device has in-built lights and other viewing devices
that help the examiner to study the interior portion of the urinary tract. There are two kinds of cystoscope.
One is the rigid standard cystoscope and the other is the flexible one. Depending on the type of the examination
desired, the examiner selects the appropriate device. Irrespective of the type of the cystoscope used, the test
gives uniform results.
The patient is asked to
lie on the back with his knees up and apart. This posture is maintained at the time of using standard
cystoscope. The urethra of the patient is cleaned and the anesthetic gel is applied to numb the area. After
this, the cystoscope is inserted into the bladder through the urethra. However if the doctor is going to use the
flexible cystoscope, the patient need not be in this uncomfortable position. Water is then inserted into the
bladder with the help of the cystoscope. Once the bladder is full, it expands and the doctor is able to examine
the inflated bladder in a better way. This way the entire wall of the bladder can be examined.
If any abnormal tissue
is found in the bladder, the doctor takes a sample of the tissue with the help of the cystoscope. This sample is
then sent for biopsy. Though the procedure will not take more than twenty minutes, the patient may feel little
discomfort and inconvenience. If there is any infection or bleeding after conduction of Cystoscopy, it can be
Risks Involved in
Though Cystoscopy is a
safe procedure, there are few minor risks involved. Let us know about them so that they can be handled
There can be risk of tear or
perforation that can occur along the urinary tract, bladder, urethra, or ureter.
Cystoscopy can cause a scar tissue
that can lead to a stricture (narrowing) of urethra, consequently leading to difficult urination.
There can also be the problem of
swelling or pain in the testicles. Though this risk is rare to occur, it has to be considered.
Sometimes Cystoscopy can also cause
urinary retention followed by distended bladder.