Home | About Us | Resources | Advertisement 




Enlarged Prostate (BPH)  

The prostate is a sexual gland of the male reproductive system which is located below the bladder and surrounded by the urethra. This is an important gland that plays many roles of which the secretion and storage of the seminal fluid. From birth to adult age, the volume of the prostate gland increases; this is normal and causes no health problems. The growth becomes a problem when it affects the physiological functions of the prostate gland by causing pertinent symptoms. One of the common ailments of the prostate is BPH commonly enlarged prostate.

Enlarged prostate or BPH is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland causing urinary problems. As the prostate is located at the base of the bladder and crossed by a canal (urethra) which allows the evacuation of urine, any increase in its volume can result in urinary obstruction and thus difficulty urinating. Benign enlargement of the prostate is a benign tumor that develops from the glandular tissue (tissue designed to produce secretion). One of the most common is BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia) that occurs after age 35 and causes an increase of the size of the prostate in half of men in their 50s. At 60, half of men have urinary problems related to an enlarged prostate. It is therefore a near-normal development of the prostate, mainly related to age.


Because the prostate surrounds the urinary canal (urethra), its increase in volume and loss of flexibility has consequences on the urinary system (also called urinary tract or excretory system) in general. These disorders can begin early in life of a man but do not involve consultation at a later age. Indeed, the worsening of symptoms is usually slow and progressive. Common symptoms include daytime or/and nocturnal urinary frequency (increase in frequency). See enlarged prostate symptoms for information.

These urinary problems can affect men in many aspects of life. Sleep is often disturbed by difficulty having trouble falling back asleep. Car trips or extended meetings are often interspersed with "bathroom breaks". However, although these symptoms impair quality of life, they generally have no serious adverse consequences. However, certain complications can occur, prostatic or urinary tract infection, presence of blood in the urine (hematuria) or sometimes completely retention of urine (urinary retentionor ischuria) which requires urgent medical care.


Rarely, after years of development and neglect, the urinary tract may become altered, which can cause the bladder to lose its elasticity. BPH is not cancer but they can coexist within the prostate gland.


                                                               Enlarged Prostate Incidence