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Enlarged Prostate Surgical Treatment


Enlarged prostate is a commonly used term for Benign Prostatis Hyperplasia (BPH). This medical problem affects ageing men by enlarging their prostate glands. Though there are no precise causes of prostate enlargement, the medical experts deduce the distention of this male gland due to increase in the level of a hormone called Dihydrotestosterone. Apart from this, changes in estrogen and testosterone are also believed to be a significant contributing factor.

Enlargement of prostate, being a common problem of most of ageing males, is usually treated with the help of medications. However, enlarged prostate surgery is advised to those patients whose medical condition does not respond to the medicines and other therapies. The surgery becomes all the more necessary if patient’s overall health gets adversely affected by BPH and its associated problems. While common symptoms of BPH are easily dealt with, the serious symptomatic warnings compel patients to take up surgery. Symptomatic warnings like presence of blood in the urine, development of stones in urinary bladder and serious urinary-tract infection demand urgent attention in the form of surgery. 

Enlarged Prostate Surgeries 

Trans-Urethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP)

A common surgical procedure for enlarged prostate is called Trans-Urethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP). This surgery is done over those patients whose prostate gland grows large and starts interfering with the urinary bladder. TURP helps in controlling the excessive growth of the gland thus saving the bladder from pressure. This surgery follows a painless procedure and is performed under the influence of general anesthesia.  

Transurethral Incision of the Prostate (TIP or TUIP)

Another surgical option for the patients of enlarged prostate is Transurethral Incision of the Prostate (TIP or TUIP) that is considered to be safer in comparison to TURP. It also involves lesser blood loss. Usually those patients who are not considered suitable for the TURP surgery, for less severity of their symptoms, are advised to go for TIP. This surgery involves making of fine incisions in the prostate gland to wide open urethra channel thus facilitating passing of urine.  

Prostatectomy

Surgical process of prostatectomy is advised to those patients whose prostate glands have become exceptionally enlarged and would not respond to TIP or TURP. In this surgery, an incision is made in the lower part of abdomen to reach the enlarged prostate to remove its outer and extra portion. This prostate surgery carries risk and complications and is suggested in those cases only where prostate glands are significantly distended.  Learn more on Radical Prostatectomy and Total Prostatectomy.

Laser Surgery

The advancement of medical sciences has brought in laser surgery for treatment of enlarged prostate in minimally invasive style. Those patients who are weak or suffering from other medical complications prefer to go for laser surgery. It involves usage of strong lasers beams to reduce the overgrown prostate tissues.  

Transurethral Microwave Therapy (TUMT)

Transurethral Microwave Therapy (TUMT) is one of the sophisticated types of surgery that involves shrinking of prostate gland by obliterating its inside portion and alleviating the urine flow. This surgery employs microwave energy and gets accomplished in single sitting. 

Transurethral Needle Ablation (TUNA)

Transurethral Needle Ablation (TUNA) is another type of surgical procedure that transfers radio waves to the prostate tissue via inserted needles. These heated needles affect and shrink the prostate, consequently easing the flow of urine. This surgery can also be done within single day and with negligible discomfort.