Enlarged Prostate Surgical Treatment
is a commonly used term for Benign Prostatis Hyperplasia (BPH). This medical problem affects ageing men by
enlarging their prostate glands. Though there are no precise causes of prostate enlargement, the medical experts
deduce the distention of this male gland due to increase in the level of a hormone called Dihydrotestosterone.
Apart from this, changes in estrogen and testosterone are also believed to be a significant contributing
Enlargement of prostate, being a
common problem of most of ageing males, is usually treated with the help of medications. However,
enlarged prostate surgery is advised to those patients whose
medical condition does not respond to the medicines and other therapies. The surgery becomes all the more
necessary if patient’s overall health gets adversely affected by BPH and its associated problems. While common
symptoms of BPH are easily dealt with, the serious symptomatic warnings compel patients to take up surgery.
Symptomatic warnings like presence of blood in the urine, development of stones in urinary bladder and serious
urinary-tract infection demand urgent attention in the form of surgery.
Trans-Urethral Resection of the
surgical procedure for enlarged prostate is called Trans-Urethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP). This surgery
is done over those patients whose prostate gland grows large and starts interfering with the urinary bladder.
TURP helps in controlling the excessive growth of the gland thus saving the bladder from pressure. This surgery
follows a painless procedure and is performed under the influence of general anesthesia.
Transurethral Incision of the Prostate
(TIP or TUIP)
surgical option for the patients of enlarged prostate is Transurethral Incision of the Prostate (TIP or TUIP)
that is considered to be safer in comparison to TURP. It also involves lesser blood loss. Usually those patients
who are not considered suitable for the TURP surgery, for less severity of their symptoms, are advised to go for
TIP. This surgery involves making of fine incisions in the prostate gland to wide open urethra channel thus
facilitating passing of urine.
process of prostatectomy is advised to those patients whose prostate glands have become exceptionally enlarged
and would not respond to TIP or TURP. In this surgery, an incision is made in the lower part of abdomen to reach
the enlarged prostate to remove its outer and extra portion. This prostate surgery carries risk and
complications and is suggested in those cases only where prostate glands are significantly distended.
Learn more on Radical Prostatectomy and Total Prostatectomy.
advancement of medical sciences has brought in laser surgery for treatment of enlarged prostate in minimally
invasive style. Those patients who are weak or suffering from other medical complications prefer to go for laser
surgery. It involves usage of strong lasers beams to reduce the overgrown prostate tissues.
Transurethral Microwave Therapy
Transurethral Microwave Therapy (TUMT)
is one of the sophisticated types of surgery that involves shrinking of prostate gland by obliterating its
inside portion and alleviating the urine flow. This surgery employs microwave energy and gets accomplished in
Transurethral Needle Ablation
Transurethral Needle Ablation (TUNA)
is another type of surgical procedure that transfers radio waves to the prostate tissue via inserted needles.
These heated needles affect and shrink the prostate, consequently easing the flow of urine. This surgery can
also be done within single day and with negligible discomfort.