Prostate Cancer Symptoms
In most cases, prostate cancer is
asymptomatic (the prostate cancer causes no symptoms) and may be suspected during blood tests including
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test which normally increases due
to certain diseases of the prostate gland: prostatitis and prostate cancer for instance. Even when occur, prostate cancer symptoms are nonspecific and
may be similar to other benign diseases of the prostate such as prostatitis and BPH (benign prostatic
hyperplasia). In most cases, symptoms start emerging when the tumor increased the size of the prostate or spread
to other organs (metastatic prostate cancer).
In early stage,
prostate cancer can cause the following signs and symptoms:
frequent need to urinate, especially
urgent need to urinate (urinary
difficulty to or stop start
weak or reduced urine stream
urinary stream starts and stops
burning sensation or pain when
presence of blood in the urine or
Feeling of not having completely
emptied your bladder
As the tumor
increase in size, other signs and symptoms may emerge that's why it is important to consider an early treatment. Late signs and symptoms of prostate
cancer occur gradually as the tumor grows or spreads to other parts of the body. Most often, late
prostate symptoms include:
acute urinary retention
general health impairment
decrease in the number of red blood
bone pain (especially back, hips,
thighs and neck)
Pain and/or the malfunction or
failure of other organs associated with metastases (see cancer for info).
also known as Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a benign (non-cancerous) tumor that arises from the stromal
and epithelial tissue of the prostate gland. The disease affects mostly those aged 50 or over. In BPH (benign
prostatic hyperplasia), prostate gets bigger and puts more pressure on the urethra and bladder, thus interfering
with the normal flow of urine.
prostate due to BPH is not a life-threatening disease, it can cause serious symptoms which impact your life.
Common symptoms of enlarged prostate (BPH) include:
Increased frequency of urination
low or decreased urine output (Oliguria or
difficulty starting and stopping
urination (urinary hesitancy);
decrease in the strength of the jet,
or even intermittently thereof;
persistence need to
urinate during the night (nocturia or nycturia).
The patient may
also have a feeling of incomplete emptying due to its inability to completely empty the bladder which forces him
to urinate again soon after even if at night (increased daytime and nighttime urinary frequency).
BPH is so common and the symptoms are so ordinary and well-known that certain patients often make their own
diagnosis and just check or consult a health care professional to confirm the causes of the urinary