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   Prostate Cancer Symptoms

In most cases, prostate cancer is asymptomatic (the prostate cancer causes no symptoms) and may be suspected during blood tests including Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test which normally  increases due to certain diseases of the prostate gland: prostatitis and prostate cancer for instance. Even when occur, prostate cancer symptoms are nonspecific and may be similar to other benign diseases of the prostate such as prostatitis and BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia). In most cases, symptoms start emerging when the tumor increased the size of the prostate or spread to other organs (metastatic prostate cancer). 

 

In early stage, prostate cancer can cause the following signs and symptoms:    

  • frequent need to urinate, especially at night 
  • urgent need to urinate (urinary urgency)   
  • difficulty to or stop start urinating   
  • weak or reduced urine stream   
  • urinary stream starts and stops    
  • burning sensation or pain when urinating   
  • presence of blood in the urine or semen (hematuria)   
  • painful ejaculation   
  • Feeling of not having completely emptied your bladder 

As the tumor increase in size, other signs and symptoms may emerge that's why it is important to consider an early treatment. Late signs and symptoms of prostate cancer occur gradually as the tumor grows or spreads to other parts of the body. Most often, late prostate symptoms include:

  • weight loss    
  • fatigue   
  • acute urinary retention   
  • impotence   
  • general health impairment    
  • decrease in the number of red blood cells   
  • bone pain (especially back, hips, thighs and neck)  
  • Pain and/or the malfunction or failure of other organs associated with metastases (see cancer for info).   

Enlarge prostate, also known as Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a benign (non-cancerous) tumor that arises from the stromal and epithelial tissue of the prostate gland. The disease affects mostly those aged 50 or over. In BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia), prostate gets bigger and puts more pressure on the urethra and bladder, thus interfering with the normal flow of urine.

BPH Symptoms 

Although enlarged prostate due to BPH is not a life-threatening disease, it can cause serious symptoms which impact your life. Common symptoms of enlarged prostate (BPH) include:  

  • Increased frequency of urination (excessive urination, or urinary frequency);
  • low or decreased urine output (Oliguria or hypouresis);
  • difficulty starting and stopping urination (urinary hesitancy);
  • decrease in the strength of the jet, or even intermittently thereof;
  • persistence need to urinate during the night (nocturia or nycturia).

The patient may also have a feeling of incomplete emptying due to its inability to completely empty the bladder which forces him to urinate again soon after even if at night (increased daytime and nighttime urinary frequency).
BPH is so common and the symptoms are so ordinary and well-known that certain patients often make their own diagnosis and just check or consult a health care professional to confirm the causes of the urinary disorders.