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Laparoscopic Robotic Assisted Prostatectomy  

Prostate Cancer is fatal disease that affects the prostate. The Prostate gland is an internal organ present in front of the rectum. Usually a healthy prostate gland is soft, smooth and symmetrical. Some lumped, jagged and enlarged areas in prostate are the symptoms of the prostate cancer and other related problems. There are many tests available for the detection of prostate cancer. The PSA test and the Digital Rectal Examination are termed as the screening tests for prostate cancer. Once diagnosed with the disease, a man should be treated appropriately. One surgical intervention often performed in prostate cancer treatment is prostatectomy.  

Radical prostatectomy is one of the common treatments available for the removal of prostate cancer. Usually, surgery processes are done conventionally by an open prostatectomy where an incision is made from the belly-button to the pubic bone. This involves major blood loss with a longer and painful recovery process. The surgery of laparoscopic prostatectomy involves more than a few small incisions in the abdomen, less post-operative pain, less blood loss and a faster improvement and recovery. 

Robotic prostatectomy is a fundamental prostatectomy that is also known as Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy (RALP). It is a simply invasive prostate removal and cancer treatment surgery which incorporates oncologic ideology, combines it with open radical prostatectomy skills and is performed with a robotic approach. Robot assisted surgery provides the benefits of laparoscopic surgery but with significant improvements like: advanced optics with 10-times higher magnification, three-dimensional images of the prostate and its surrounding nerves.  

Laparoscopic Robotic Assisted Prostatectomy allows the surgeon’s hand movements to be scaled, filtered and translated into accurate movements of micro-instruments within the working site. With the exaggerated, three-dimensional view, the surgeon is able to perform precise surgery in complex procedures through small surgical incisions. 

Advantages 

This unmanned and minimally invasive surgery is done with precision and sharp efficiency. The patient is treated with smaller incisions and minimal loss of blood. The pain felt is also less with rapid healing time.  

In contrast to conventional surgeries, there is no risk of post-operative pain and infection that prolong the overall recovery time. Due to rapid recovery time, patients return back to their normal routine and pursue day to day activities sooner. This robot-assisted surgery also brings accuracy to the medical procedure with a concise view of the surgical spot.  

Disadvantages: 

Laparoscopic Robotic Assisted Prostatectomy surgery is an effective treatment, it also has some disadvantages. The current generation robot is still bulky and tends to take large working space. The availability of the instrumentation for the robotic system is presently limited and the development of the new instrument for the robotic system is in process. The robotic system is costlier and its cost exceeds $41.2 million with its annual maintenance cost falling in the range of $100.00 to $150,000.