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Prostate CT Scan  

A Computerized Tomography Scan, which is more generally recognized by its abbreviated names CT scan or CAT scan, is a process which combines many X-ray images with the help of a computer. It produces cross-sectional views and three-dimensional images of the internal organs and structures of the body. The X-ray images generated at different angles are processed by the computer to produce cross –sectional pictures of the body. Tomogram is the recorded image of the pictures. Computerized Axial Tomography is nothing but the recorded tomogram sections at diverse levels of the body. Internal structures of various parts of the body could be analyzed with the help of CT scans. Rarely, an X-ray dye material is positioned into the spinal fluid to further improve the scan and the diverse structural relationships of the spine and its nerves. CT scans are used in chest, abdomen, head etc.  

Examining Internal Organs 

CT scans of the abdomen are tremendously supportive in significant body organ anatomy, including visualizing the liver, gall bladder, pancreas, spleen, aorta, uterus, and ovaries. CT scans in this area are used to authenticate the occurrence or non existence of tumors, infectivity, unusual anatomy, or changes of the body from trauma.  

The procedure is trouble-free and offer extremely precise images of body structures. In addition, it guides the radiologist in performing definite measures, such as biopsies of alleged cancers, removal of internal body fluids for different tests, and the draining of abscesses which are deep in the body. Many of these procedures are simply persistent and have noticeably decreased the need to carry out surgery to achieve the results. 

CT Scan Procedure 

As part of preparation for a CT scan, patients are advised to remain empty stomach prior to the test as contrast material is to be administered to patient. In case patient is allergic to contrast material (like iodine), the doctor and the radiologist should be informed. Patient is also asked to remove all metallic materials.  

Patients are asked to lie down on a mobile table that is moved to get placed in the centre of a large X-ray machine. The patient is expected to remain still and immobile so that images do not become blurred.  

CT Scan Side Effects 

In the CT scan procedure, risk involved is minimal. Intravenous contrast is an Iodine based liquid administered through vein which makes the internal organs much more clearly visible on the scan. There may be adverse reactions to the intravenous contrast material which causes itching, rashes etc throughout the body. Antihistamines are the medications for the symptoms. Anaphylactic reaction is the most serious adverse reaction to intravenous contrast as the patient may experience difficulty in breathing. This is a rare but life threatening reaction, if not treated. Corticosteroids, antihistamines, and epinephrine are the medications which can reverse this adverse reaction. 

CT scans are supportive in detecting large, massive tumors in the prostate. They are habitually most helpful in detecting if large amounts of cancer have spread to other organs or to lymph nodes close to the prostate. They are not predominantly excellent at picking up small clumps of cancer cells throughout the body.