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Prostate Cancer Awareness Month 

 

Prostate cancer is the most common type of malignant tumor inmen over 60 yearsold. Although it is not easy to prevent the onset of the disease, there are many steps you can take to prevent most types of cancer (please visit our cancer prevention section for more information). In addition, the tumor can be detected at early stage when its size is still very small, which will make the treatment is less aggressive and more effective.

It is thus possible to detect prostate cancer early in its development phase. Cancer cells are often present in the prostate, but they do not grow; they remain dormant. These microscopic cancers do not represent a real danger to the patient. In fact, the treatment could cause more health issues than the disease itself. Between ages 50 and 59, one in three men has a microscopic cancer. This is the case for four out of ten men between 70 and 79 years and the proportion rises to seven out of ten in men 79 years and older.

About one percent (1%) of thesetiny cancers develops slowly and become true cancers after years. The American Cancer Society (ACS) makes it an important point for men to have regular check-up for professional to analyze their prostate gland and determine if they are risk. The older a man is the more important he needs to get examined.

The recommendation for early prostate cancer detection is one digital rectal exam (DRE) every year by a health professional, in men age of 50 and older. This is the first step to rule out or confirm any presence of cancer. In case of suspicion, a biopsy will be recommended when an initial test suggests an area of tissue in the prostate is not normal. The removed tissue will be analyzed in the laboratory.  

 

However, some health professionals say that the biopsy causes the cancer cells to spread, thus leading to metastasis, the spreadof the cancer cells to othertissues of the prostate gland or other parts ofthe body. 

 

Although often recommended, DRE is not enough to diagnose or confirm the malignant tumor. The cancer could be detected using a blood sample to determine the presence and amount of a specific substance called Prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a protein produced by cells of the prostate gland in high levels to indicate the presence of prostate cancer.  

 

You can reduce your risk to develop prostate cancer by living a healthy lifestyle, and eat healthy. Enjoy your sex life as much as you can. A recent study has shown regular safe sex also reduces the risk of prostate cancer by 28%; please visit sex and prostate cancer risks for more information.