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Prostate Cancer Prevention and Screening 


Screening for prostate cancer is important, but that’s not enough to help you prevent it. You need to also take a number of preventive measures that could help prevent the cancer, the most common type of malignant tumor in men. Among environmental factors, diet may play a particularly important role in its incidence, progression, and prognosis (survival). The very foods you eat can help you prevent not only prostate cancer but also many other so-called incurable diseases of our time.  


Prostate cancer is a serious health concern worldwide. In the US, It is estimated that about 220,800 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer this year 2015, causing the death of about 27,540 individuals. The tumor is a silent killer. It can spend years progressing in your body without knowing it. There is treatment, but the chance for cure is very slim. The best option is to prevent it before it occurs. However, there is no unique or accurate prostate cancer prevention; there are steps you can take to reduce your risk. 


Prostate cancer warning signs and Symptoms 


Prostate cancer is asymptomatic, at least initially. At an early stage, it causes no warning signs or symptoms. In advanced stages, however, common indications include difficulty urinating and pain during orgasm.  But these symptoms can be caused by non-cancerous conditions such as benign prostate problem (BPH). Therefore, the best defense is screening for early detection for an early treatment and better diagnosis.  


It is important to note that new studies reveal prostate cancer screening may outweigh the benefits. Please see screening for prostate cancer for more information.  

Treatment for early prostate cancer, which often includes surgery and/or radiotherapy, usually leads to good results; but prevention is much more better. Regardless your age and race, it is important to adopt a balanced diet and live a healthy lifestyle. All good prostate cancer prevention methods include quit smoking.  Regular safe sex (ejaculation more than five times per week) is also found to help reduce the risk of the disease. Please see sex and prostate cancer for more information.   


Some Prostate Cancer Prevention Foods 


A diet rich in vegetables and fruits, and low in saturated and animal fats, is shown to prevent the incidence and progression of prostate cancer cells, according to a research conducted by Susan Berkow of George Mason University, College of Health and Human Services, Fairfax, VA. in 2007. The researcher reviewed 17 studies involving nutrition.  “We concluded that a plant-based diet is probably a prudent choice,” says Berkow. So, add cruciferous vegetables and fruits on your list of your prostate cancer prevention foods.  


Green foods that show to provide more benefits are cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and Brussels sprouts. Other foods that also work as good prostate cancer prevention include certain minerals, such as Selenium and zinc are also excellent. In addition, it is important to consume wild salmon, for its omega-3 oil; tomatoes, it is a good source of Lycopene; and oilseeds and nuts, such as walnuts, pumpkin seeds.  


In a study on preventive effects of selenium and vitamin E on prostate cancer, conducted at Harvard University on 33,000, aged 40 to 75 years, for 6 years, researchers found a lower risk of advanced stages prostate cancer among men who had the highest selenium levels (65%) than those whose rate was the lowest.  


Men with normal weight also have lower risk of developing the cancer. In a study published on Cancer Causes & Control, a peer-reviewed medical journal published by Springer, it was found a 45% lower risk of suffering from this cancer among men who are physically active than those who are not. The study also demonstrated a higher risk of relapse after radiation therapy among obese men. There are many studies that show the importance of regular physical exercise and cancer prevention.   






1)    Diet and survival after prostate cancer diagnosis 

Berkow SE1, Barnard ND, Saxe GA, Ankerberg-Nobis T. 

PMID: 17958206 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]  


2)    Diet and Survival After Prostate Cancer Diagnosis 

Susan E. Berkow, PhD, CNS, Neal D. Barnard, MD, Gordon A. Saxe, MD, PhD, 

Trulie Ankerberg-Nobis, MS, RD